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Side effects of shingles vaccine

side effects of shingles vaccine Medical world describes shingles as local skin disease virus causes. Our experts later discovered that the virus has at least two similarities with varicella zoster. It is an illness we know for its responsibility in causing chicken pox that turns every child life into a nightmare. Furthermore, varicella zoster is also a unique virus that will not completely leave your body once it has successfully infected it. It stays in your body, and when the ‘perfect time’ comes, it will come again in a new form as shingles, as we know it. This is why vaccine is needed.

In 2013, CDC reported at least one million cases of this disease and most of them come from elderly people. At this rate, it is normal when people get afraid of it even after the discovery of its cure.

 

When do you need vaccine for this skin disease?

Varicella zoster virus can attack anyone at any time, but the risk will double when you reached 59 or 60 years old. There is no valid medical proof that can tell us why this virus ‘choose’ people at this age, but the most logical reason will lead us to degeneration issue. In the medical world, it is a common thing for people at 59 or 60 years to suffer from degenerative disease. It is a condition when our body function and/or structure will increasingly deteriorate, due to various reasons from natural reasons, lifestyle, eating habits, or other causes. That is the reason people at this age become more vulnerable to this infection than other age segments which have better body function and structure than them.

It is the higher vulnerability than another age division that also leads to conclusion that people at this age segment needs the vaccine more than other people. However, even though some medical studies revealed that the cure can reduce the risk up to 50%, it is also essential to raise our awareness of its possible side effects. At present, several medical studies found out that there are at least two categories of this medication side effect you should worry: mild and severe side effects. Do not get loose with the name because their stupid name does not reflect the real threat they bring.

 

Mild Side Effects of this Vaccine

Among all cases US CDC has recorded, sore throat becomes the most common side effects shingle patients ever reported as well as breathing problems, fever, flu symptoms, and swollen glands. However, the list does not end there. There are also other cases when people reported less severe side effects than the previous five symptoms. Their reports include muscle pain, diarrhea, joint pain, headache, mild skin rashes, redness, warmth, itching, swelling and bruising on particular skin area where doctor injected the vaccine into their body. However, even though we have more than one possible side effects of the cure of this disease, the number is still minor if we compare to total people who ever took the treatment. Before it came to public usage, shingle vaccine has passed various medical tests which guarantee both its safety and efficacy. In any case when side effects take place, it is likely that the symptoms will stay this way.

 

Serious Side Effects

Under rare circumstances, serious side effects of shingles medication may take place, but the percentage will stay as low as under 20%. Among all serious side effects that people ever reported to their doctor, severe allergic reaction becomes the most common issue.

At present, we know two common causes of allergic: either your body cannot deal with a particular threat, or it has weak auto-immune system like people with anaphylaxis have. Most medical experts describe anaphylaxis as a severe allergic reaction, as a result, of mediator substance release from specific white blood cell. The objectives may vary among people, but the most common cause is either non-immunologic or immunologic mechanism that finally triggers the release of this mediator. There are various anaphylaxis symptoms medical world ever recorded, but there are some specific symptoms that only happen when someone suffers from side effects of this ‘magical’ liquid. These symptoms include face swell, warmer skin than normal, skin redness, dizziness, hives, breathing difficulties, irregular heartbeat, and slow pulse. You should understand the critical idea. It does not take all the symptoms for the side effects to work. So, even though you see only one or maybe two symptoms, it is a good idea immediately to ask for medical attention. The symptoms may threaten your life at any time that even the best doctor in this world does not know precisely.

 

When You Should Stay Away From the Vaccine

Even though most vaccines we have today have the same appearance as water, it is important to remember that none of them has water as their only ingredients. Yes, it is important to have water as the solvent media, but it does not mean that water can fix every problem we have, especially when it comes to bad micro-organisms such as viruses and bacteria. Vaccine is micro-organisms we have already weakened to improve our auto-immune system. In addition, there are perhaps some ‘additional’ parts doctors put into the bottle to increase its effectiveness. This is the precise location of the main problem. Some ingredients may trigger an allergic reaction for some people. Avoid using this cure if you have allergic symptoms to its ingredients, such as neomycin, gelatin, or other ingredients.

The same restriction also applies if you have weak immune system. Injecting the liquid into your body when you have weak auto-immune system will only weaken your body.

It is important to consult your doctor before taking any medical action because there are some drugs, such as steroid that require you to stay away from other drugs until the process is complete.

You should also put shingles vaccine at your black list if you suffer from cancer or if you are currently taking anti-cancer treatment such as chemotherapy. The liquid will only cause damage to your body, instead of bringing a solution to you.

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Shingles Pain Relief

shingles pain reliefAside from seeing the disgusting blisters, an affected person can also experience itching and pain. This is frustrating and you definitely don’t want this to happen so read this Shingles pain relief post and you will surely know what to do if you or your loved ones especially your grandparents were struck by this disease.

Where is Shingles coming from?

Shingles, or herpes zoster, is characterized by skin rashes with burning or shooting pain along a nerve or on a single area of the body. The rashes consist of pustules filled with infectious liquid, which slowly dry, flake and fall off. It occurs due to the reactivation of the varicella zoster virus, or chickenpox virus as it is commonly called, which lies dormant in the roots of nerves. Shingles is most common in adults over 60 years of age. Like other viral diseases, there is no proper cure for shingles and the available treatment is to cure the symptoms and reduce the duration and intensity of the rashes. This skin disease automatically clears up within three to five weeks from the first appearance of rashes. The disease is also contagious and care must be taken while coming in contact with infected individuals.

A tingling or burning pain may experience even before the first appearance of the blisters or rashes. Depending on which nerve is affected or involved in the reactivation of the virus, the pain can even be mistaken for headache, stomach pain or even angina (heart or chest pain). This pain continues throughout the duration of the disease and sometimes is so debilitating that the patients are unable to do any work or even rest comfortably.

What are the painkillers or common drugs to relieve pain?

Doctors generally prescribe antiviral drugs like acyclovir or valacyclovir within the first 1-3 days after the rash begins to develop. These antiviral medicines control the length of the episode, and also the degree of severity of blisters and pain.

In almost 15% of the individuals who develop shingles, the pain persists for weeks, months or even years after the rash has disappeared. This complication, known as postherpetic neuralgia, is due to damage to the associated nerve or nerve inflammation during shingles. A 7 to 10 day antiviral course also reduces the chances of complications like post-herpetic neuralgia, facial paralysis, blindness, etc.

To curb pain, patients can take commonly available OTC painkillers like ibuprofen or, in case of extreme pain, can even ask their physician to prescribe a stronger narcotic pain medication like morphine or oxycodone. Some doctors recommend local anaesthetics like Lidocaine, which are available as topical creams or slow-release patches.

Anaesthetics numb the affected area so that the patient does not experience pain for some time. Anaesthetic patches and creams can also be used to treat pain in cases of postherpetic neuralgia complications. In addition, steroid and non-steroid based anti-inflammatory medicines and antihistamine drugs can help soothe the rashes, reduce itching and pain.

Injections that can block pain nerve activity are also available on prescription and can be administered by doctors or qualified practitioners.

Nontraditional treatment includes the use of anti-depressants and anticonvulsant medicines to control pain. Both of these drug types depress nerve activity and, therefore, reduce nerve related pain, which is typical of shingles. All of these medicines allow the affected individual to be more comfortable by considerably lowering pain.

Since the pain associated with shingles is intense and almost unbearable, doctors recommend natural or homemade pain remedies in addition to traditional treatment to help ease the patients’ discomfort.

I just want an over-the-counter medicine as of this moment. What would you recommend?

The most widely used over-the-counter medication for shingles is the capsaicin extract. Capsaicin is extracted from pepper or chili and is very effective for relieving pain. Topical application of capsaicin causes nerves to release all the neurotransmitters that transmit pain signals to the brain and burn out the receptors. Initially, this causes pain to increase, but then the nerves become incapable of transmitting pain signals for a while and the individual cannot feel pain in that area. Capsaicin, pain patches, creams and powders are readily available at local chemist shops or drugstores.

If a patient decides to buy medicines later, what home remedies can he or she do?

Soaking the affected area in cool water or using a cool compress can provide relief from pain and itching for a short while. Some patients find that dipping their skin in hot water intermittently for 30 second periods or using ice packs for short durations numbs the skin from pain thus, giving them temporary comfort.

Washcloths soaked in apple cider can be applied to the blistered areas and are found to be effective in alleviating pain and burning.

Zinc powder mixed with aloe vera juice or vitamin E can be used topically to control pain. Vitamin E also prevents nerve damage and complications that may arise from shingles. Herbal oils, like peppermint, are also helpful in pain relief. Other unscented moisturizers or lotions also provide relief from itching.

Oral vitamin B12 supplements have been proven to reduce nerve related pain and are quite effective. Proteolytic enzymes are another effective treatment for shingles pain. Proteolytic enzymes, or protein digesting enzymes, occur naturally in the pancreas of animals (including humans) and also in many plants. Commonly used proteolytic enzymes are papain from papayas, bromelain from pineapples and trypsin or chymotrypsin from animal sources. These enzymes are available at pharmacies as tablets. These can prevent viral replication and therefore, reduce pain, inflammation and hasten healing.

How can patients make themselves heal faster and what are the preventive measures for this?

Some patients include more proteins, dairy and vegetables in their diet. Avoiding sugar is strongly advised so shingles will heal faster. Others opt for colloidal oatmeal baths to calm inflammation and help them relax. Vitamin supplements have been found to be beneficial and can aid in controlling shingles symptoms in many ways. However, once an individual contracts the disease, the infection will take at least three weeks to clear from the body and no treatment can eliminate it immediately. Pain medicines, itch relievers, natural remedies and other symptomatic treatments can only help make the period more bearable for the patient.

Wear cool and comfortable clothes so that the air supply to the blistered skin is not cut off, and keeping this area clean and dry not only allows you to become more comfortable but also prevents bacteria from infecting it.

Shingles vaccination, also known as Zostavax, might also be a solution. It has now been approved for individuals older than 60 years. While this vaccine is not 100% effective in preventing shingles, it reduces the chances of this disease’s occurrence by 50% and drastically decreases the intensity of its symptoms. Even some individuals who had Zostavax might still be struck by shingles, they will surely have less painful rashes and their blisters will also clear up quicker compared to those who didn’t get the vaccination.

Assuming that this post have satisfied your curiosity, you can now do your own shingles pain relief or have clues about what will the doctor advise or prescribe you. If you have complications or are allergic to other medicines, don’t hesitate to tell your doctor.

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Shingles on the Face

Shingles on the face

Image credit: http://phil.cdc.gov/

Having shingles on the face is one the most depressing moments of a person’s life. Whenever one is waking up, upon looking on the mirror, he or she will first see the horrible rashes, worse, if the shingles rashes are all over the face. Treating shingles on the face is not only about treating the face alone but also the whole body must be treated since the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), the culprit behind chicken pox, is infecting adults especially the older ones who had a chicken pox before. Medications and doctor’s advice must be sought to get rid of this annoying and dreadful shingles. Be beautiful again when shingles are not present anymore.

What is Shingles?

If you have clicked on our blog post, you will be now more informed about this awful viral skin disease. Even when chicken pox was healed, the zoster virus remains in the nervous system and this virus might be coming back to attack again as Shingles. however, in physical appearance, this is usually milder than chicken pox but internally, this is usually worse than chicken pox because it also causes nerve pain and it is more dangerous if not treated properly. It is not advisable to self medicate if shingles hits the head area because the nerves and other face parts such as eyes, nose and mouth are the most critically connected to the brain.

Why face and torso are the most targeted parts?

There is no official medical report about this. Since chicken pox and shingles were caused by the same virus, chicken pox has rashes all over the body while shingles rashes appear only on certain areas of the body. The affected area has been targeted because this is where the virus has been reactivated.

Will the rashes erupt on my whole face or only the side?

Shingles on the face often appear on the nose and the eye. Rashes also erupt on one side of the face, head/scalp, mouth, eye or ear. It is rare that shingles will occur on the whole face.

What to expect?

Shingles on the face or head may cause motor function and facial muscle weakness since it may involve the cranial nerves (nerves in the brain exchanging information involving head and neck)

You may feel itching and tingling on the would-be shingles area. After 1-5 days, rashes will form and these will turn into clusters of blisters filled with fluid and with crust over.

New blisters may arise up to a week. People with lesions may feel spasms even at a gentle touch.

On the eye part known as optical shingles, the zoster virus can cause painful eye inflammation and cause temporary or permanent loss of vision which is very alarming. The condition where shingles affects the cornea area is known as zoster keratitis. This includes redness and swelling of the eye, drooping eyelid and inflammation of the cornea. Whenever one has this condition, seek a physician immediately because if this isn’t treated, blindness will likely occur.

If shingles hit one of the ears, hearing problems may occur. Aside from shingles on the ear, shingles in tongue and inside of the mouth may cause tasting, eating and ulcer problems. Biting and chewing will be difficult for the affected person.

It is known that the upper area of the face is the most prone area when it comes to face shingles. Even the condition of the area is mild, one must see a doctor.

How will the shingles clear up?

Shingles can be treated with antiviral medicines and painkillers prescribed by doctors. If at home, non-prescription painkillers such as analgesics, acetaminophen, topical anesthetic or topical lotions containing calamine, anticonvulsants, optoids, antidepressants, aspirin or ibuprofen can ease the pain caused by shingles. Regular hand washing, avoiding picking and scratching blisters, making the crust fall off naturally will prevent infection of shingles.

Use cool and moist compress to ease the pain or itch. While waiting to have medicines, corn starch or baking soda may also be applied to dry the sores for a shorter healing process.

To clean away crusts and decrease oozing, the affected area must be soaked with tap water.

To reduce inflammation and complications, antiviral medicines might be prescribed such as Aciclovir, Valaciclovir and Famciclovir. During the healing stage, shingles will dry up forming scabs or crusts and will begin to fade within 7-10 days. Most recovered with no visible scars so no need to worry about facial appearance.

Some may resort to vaccines to prevent the re-occurrence of this disease.

To prevent shingles from coming back or from getting it, aside from eating healthy foods, living in a clean and non-polluted environment, one must avoid direct contact to the shingles or blisters area.  Immune system must be paid attention. Regular medical check-ups even annually will definitely help to track your health condition.

Will I still experience post-shingles pain and what causes it?

Maybe. Having postherpetic neuralgia or pain after shingles rashes might continue for several months to more than a year.

The nerve functions were disrupted by shingles. It became confused and uncontrollable resulting in sending pain signals to the brain making the person feel the intense pain. Scar tissue forming near the nerves might also be a reason why this happens.

Most will likely to experience pain during the post-shingles stage if the rashes have occurred on the fifth cranial nerve known as the trigeminal nerve, (largest of the cranial nerves).

How will the post-shingles pain go away?

Depending on the case because different treatments work on different folks. It will go away through a single treatment or combination of skin patches or topical treatments such as Qutenza patches (Capsaicin) and Lidocaine.

Aside from the treatments mentioned above, TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) and Spinal cord or Peripheral nerve stimulation can help in treating the pain.

Conclusion

Shingles on the Face can be a nightmare but with knowledge and prompt treatment, it can be healed. Clear skin will come and self-confidence can be regained in facing the world.

Shingles home remedies

Shingles home treatment

Luckily, here, in front of you, is the answer for the shingles home remedies. Many will consult friends, relatives or search the Internet if they feel something unusual and then, the consultant will simply say that you must see a doctor. Common sense right? Let’s face it, if money or health insurance is not a problem especially to economically-challenged countries, one will see a physician immediately to be sure about his or her condition but how about if frequently answered questions about a certain disease in books and the Internet will help the affected person to save time, cost and effort if symptoms of the disease are just mild and can simply be remedied at home.

Summary about Shingles

The varicella-zoster virus which causes chicken pox can attack again that will cause  Shingles (zoster or zona). Shingles is a skin disease caused by a viral infection resulting to a painful clustered blisters or rash. Its other name is zoster or herpes zoster. This skin disease usually happened in older adults especially from ages 50-60 but it doesn’t mean that young people would be exempted. Everyone can get shingles from having weak immune system, stress, medications, aging and cancer treatments.

Upon aging, there’s the possibility that shingles will strike. An individual can be surely attacked by this virus if his or her mother during pregnancy have shingles or chicken pox or if he or she have already acquired chicken pox during his or her childhood years. When someone has already been healed from the chicken pox, the virus still remains in the nervous system.

When does a Shingles symptom needed to be taken seriously?

Please read “SHINGLES: A DREADFUL SKIN CONDITION” in this website first before reading this post so you will know if this shingles can be treated at home or if the affected individual must be admitted to the hospital immediately.

If the affected area is on the head including face and if you are pregnant, seek medical help because:

  • Shingles in the eye can cause pain and inflammation that may lead to temporary or permanent loss of vision.
  • Shingles in the ear causes hearing problems
  • Shingles in the tongue (herpes simplex) can cause not only eating problems but can also develop tongue sores or mouth ulcers as well.

If there is a pain but without rashes or blisters, it might be shingles that can lead from months to years of nerve pain if not treated properly.

Do it yourself Shingles home care

To relieve symptoms and prevent further complications, these tips must be followed for faster healing.

  • Rest and sleep to strengthen the immune system.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to lessen irritation by staying hydrated so skin can be prevented from drying out.
  • Good hygiene (including trimming your fingernails to reduce scratching)
  • Use cool and moist compress to ease the pain or itch. A compress with aluminum acetate solution might help too.
  • While waiting to have medicines, these baking ingredients, baking soda or corn starch may also be applied to dry the sores for a shorter healing process.
  • Regular hand washing, avoiding picking and scratching blisters, making the crust fall off naturally will prevent infection of shingles.
  • To clean away crusts and decrease oozing, the affected area must be soaked with tap water and dressing must be applied to it.

Non-prescription painkillers

Analgesics, acetaminophen, topical anesthetic or topical lotions containing calamine, anticonvulsants, optoids, antidepressants, aspirin or ibuprofen can ease the pain caused by shingles.

To reduce inflammation and complications, antiviral medicines might be prescribed such as Aciclovir (Zovirax), Valaciclovir (Valtrex) and Famciclovir (Famvir). During the healing stage, shingles will dry up forming scabs or crusts and will begin to fade within 7-10 days.

For mild shingle rashes, people who have this can manage these rashes without pain medications but majority still needs medications to manage pain. Some are content with buying over-the-counter painkillers such as:

  • Percocet
  • Vicodin
  • Medications aiming the nerves such as gabapentin or tricyclic medications such as nortriptyline, desipramine, or amitriptyline could be used.

These over-the counter painkillers prescribed by a physician are still needed. Worse, if severe pain persists, the person must be admitted to the hospital and will have to be treated by intravenous pain medications.

Other home remedies for shingles rashes or blisters:

  • Dab the cotton with colloidal silver or hydrogen peroxide and apply it to the infected rashes or blisters.
  • The popular Organic Apple Cider Vinegar (Bragg) is a big help. Mix ½ cup of it in 2 cups of water and use a cotton to dab to the affected areas.
  • Combine or make a mixture of leek juice, raw honey and aloe vera gel. Then, apply this mixture  to the rashes.
  • Lemon balm is the only herb in the mint family that has antiviral properties against herpes.
  • Many said that using Cayenne or chili pepper is effective. It contains capsaicin which is used topically for pain relief. If using it is very messy, try the ointment form, Zostrix. It is recommended to apply this four to five times daily to the affected area.
  • While on shingles, enjoy eating by adding garlic to food every day. Garlic has anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties to fight diseases.
  • Licorice, known for having immune-boosting compounds, can be bought in pharmacies as licorice cream or ointment. Drinking licorice tea or applying a strong one to the rash three times a day might help.
  • Lomatium root can enhance the immune system and the recommended dosage for this is 500 mg four times a day every day.
  • The nutritional supplements to fight shingles are vitamins C, E, B12 and Zinc.
  • Vitamin C for anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. It boosts the immune system.
  • Vitamin E for solving persistent nerve pain caused by zoster virus which is known as postherpetic neuralgia.
  • Vitamin B12 for good nerve function and relieving pain.
  • Zinc for reducing the frequency, duration and severity of shingles rashes or blisters outbreak.

The final say

Shingles home remedies or treatment is a big help and can be a first aid in treating shingles. If rashes or pain becomes worse or if you are pregnant, stop self-medicating and seek medical help to prevent danger in life.

Pain medication for shingles

Painkiller for shingles

Shingles is a viral skin infection that looks like a chicken pox except that it focuses only on an area of the body. Shingles can be very painful and one wants to make the pain go away as fast as possible.  While medicine can reduce inflammation and can shorten the healing process, it can also reduce the chances of having shingles complications such as postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) or disseminated zoster.

Then, what is postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) or disseminated zoster?

Disseminated zoster or known as disseminated shingles is fatal and a more alarming condition of shingles. It can invade the blood stream or body organs, such as the lungs or brain. One needs to be admitted to the hospital with a visual examination including steroidal and antiviral drugs, to ease symptoms and prevent complications.

So to avoid this level of complication, antiviral medicines and pain killers are needed.

Would buying over-the-counter painkillers instead of going to a physician is enough?

For mild shingle rashes, people who have this can manage these rashes without pain medications but majority still needs medications to manage pain. Some are content with buying over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen and aspirin. In their homes, percocet, vicodin, medications aiming the nerves such as gabapentin or tricyclic medications such as nortriptyline, desipramine, or amitriptyline could be used. But still, prescribed pain medications by a physician are still needed. Worse, if severe pain persists, the person must be admitted to the hospital and will have to be treated by intravenous pain medications.

Other medicines that would also treat the pain are Nerve block injections and Opioid painkiller known as Tramadol.

Warning: Tramadol should not be taken at the same time as tricycylic antidepressants, which are also used for long-lasting pain after shingles.

Commonly, shingles pain can be treated by medicines that can be used as well in treating epilepsy and depression. These medicines could change the nervous system to treat the pain. Advantages against disadvantages of taking painkillers must be weighted.

Be careful with placebos. A placebo is a dummy medicine that contains no active substances. Aside from feeling better from pain, healing process and condition must be observed. If side effects are dominant, just consult again to a physician and ask for medicine re-prescription.

How about combining medicines for pain relief?

If taking one medicine does not help, combining medicines may work together like combining gabapentin or neurontin with an opioid painkiller.

Combining medicines are common and physicians often prescribe these. One example is combining anti-inflammatory drugs plus opioid drugs such as morphine, hydrocodone or vicodin. Using this combination maximizes pain relief. If painkillers were combined with non-pain killers, sedation and drowsiness might occur. Doctors must be careful in prescribing and combining painkillers with anti-anxiety drugs, muscle relaxants, and other medications that also have sedating properties such as anticonvulsant drugs for it might result to an addictive effect.

While taking opioids, these are the side effects that may be found out: Dizziness, Constipation, Drowsiness and general illness feeling.

I don’t want to take pills or tablets. Is there a topical medicine to alleviate pain?

There are topical medicines that are specialized in immediate pain relief. The best topical medicines out there contain capsaicin or lidocaine.

It is best to get oral medicines together with topical medicines so you can manage the pain and at the same time be healed faster so you can fight the zoster virus and continue your normal activities.

Painkiller medicine comparison

 Everyone who has pain is considering taking painkillers. There are many painkillers for shingles but how would one know which one is the best.  Different painkillers work better if one knows the differences between those. In case of pain originated from the virus or nerves as shingles, here is the comparison made for the most popular painkillers.

Paracetamol

Paracetamol is used by patients to treat headaches and non-nerve pains. 2-4 tablets a day is a safe dosage for adults. This medicine can be taken within long periods since it generally doesn’t have side effects.

If pain is severe, don’t try to increase dosage that it might result to serious side effects. If the pain lasts for more than three days, have a consultation with your physician.

Aspirin

Aspirin is often used to relieve only minor aches and pains but it is dangerous to give this painkiller to children under 12 years of age.

Ibuprofen

This non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), Ibuprofen, works better when pain was caused by an inflammation of shingles.

Nortriptyline

This drug must not be taken if a person with shingles has heart attack or if being treated with methylene blue injection.

Percocet (Oxycodone and Acetaminophen)

Percocet is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Percocet should not be used if one have recently used alcohol, sedatives, tranquilizers, or other narcotic medications.

Taking more than the recommended medication may lead to liver damage or death. If experiencing nausea, pain in upper stomach, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, or jaundice (yellowing of your skin or eyes), a doctor must be called immediately.

Amitriptyline and Gabapentin

Amitriptyline is a drug for depression while gabapentin is a drug for epilepsy. These medicines can also be used to treat pain caused by nervous system damage.  An affected person doesn’t need to be depressed or have epilepsy to take this drug. Side effects caused by these painkillers are drowsiness and dizziness.

Morphine

Morphine and morphine-like drugs such as oxycodone, fentanyl and buprenorphine are the strongest painkillers out there. Morphine may be packaged as a patch as well. This medicine must be only used for severe pain and nothing else. Because of its strength, careful monitoring of dosage and its effect will be made by a physician or pain specialist. Morphine is used for a long term solution to manage pain.

Does a pack of ice help in relieving shingles?

A pack of ice helps in relieving pain through placing it on the affected area. It eases the pain, itching and burning sensation.

The duration of putting an ice pack to the skin must be observed since prolonged use of ice pack can lead to local tissue damage.

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Can a Child get Shingles?

Most of you may be wondering, “Can a child get shingles?”. The answer is a big fat YES. You can get Shingles at almost any age, and about five percent of cases occur during childhood, or in persons aged fifteen and below.

A battle with the itchy Chicken pox rash used to be a battle almost every child endure. But thanks to the developments in the world of vaccines, we can say goodbye to that annoying itch. Though being in this modern of an age, some still suffer this condition. And the earlier in life the child get Chicken pox, especially acquiring Chicken pox before turning three years old or being a child of a mom with Chicken pox during her third trimester of pregnancy, the bigger the chance he or she can acquire this dreadful Shingle rash during childhood. So, Yeah! To state the unfortunate truth, a child can get Shingles.

Herpes Zoster, or Zoster, or Shingles is assumed to be a reactivation of a latent or dormant, or in layman’s term, sleeping varicella virus infection and is perceived to be due to lowered immunity. After being itch-free and finishing the Chickenpox course (more like a curse), it is believed that this creeps aka Varicella Zoster virus lie dormant inside the nerve cells near the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). When these sleeping viruses are awakened and reactivated, Lo and behold, the occurrence of Shingles.             

 

SHINGLES FAST FIVE

  1. Shingles is also known medically as Zoster or Herpes Zoster.
  2. Shingles in caused by the Varicella Zoster Virus, similar to the cause of Chicken pox.
  3. Shingles can occur only, and only if, someone already has had run the course of Chicken pox. It is assumed to be a reactivation.
  4. Shingles in children are pretty rare and are usually occurring with mild clinical manifestations.
  5. Shingles is self-limiting, similar to almost all viral infections, and resolves in more or less, a month or thirty days.

 

HOW COMMON IS SHINGLES?       

       Disease Occurrence and Prevalence

Almost one out of three (33.33 percent) of people in the United States of America will develop Shingles or Herpes Zoster in the course of their lifetime. It is estimated that there are four cases of Herpes Zoster per one thousand (4 in 1,000) population. Nearly a million Americans go through this excruciatingly painful and itchy experience every year. Older adults are more likely to get the disease. About half or 50 percent of all cases occur in men and women aged 60 years and/or older. The incidence among people 60 years of age and older is about 10 cases per 1,000 people annually. And, only about five percent of cases (5 in 10,000 cases) occur during childhood, or in people aged 15 and below.

       Repeat Episode Occurrence

Studies show that Shingles can occur, and then reoccur, in an average of two to three episodes during a person’s lifetime, though the annual incidence of repeat episodes is still not known. Although usually, throughout one lifetime, a person can only manage 2 repeat episodes unless he or she is severely immuno-compromised. Such as children and adults with cancer and other immuno-depressive conditions.

 

SHINGLES SYMPTOMS IN GENERAL

The red rash is small, fluid-filled blisters, that shows up in clusters following a path of a nerve. The lesions is commonly accompanied or preceded by pain, which may be contained or spread throughout the entire dermatome of the affected nerve pathway. The pain may still be present after 30 days since the rash began.

 

SHINGLES SYMPTOMS IN CHILDREN Herpes-zoster-child

Shingles presentation in adults and children are somewhat similar and different in many ways. Classic Herpes Zoster symptoms that present in adults are not at all detected in children suffering the same disease, which may make diagnosis difficult. It is often misdiagnosed as other more common skin rashes in children, such as impetigo, eczema or even poison ivy.

The Shingles rash occurring children often don’t have much pain, or even, don’t have any pain at all. They still get the same red rash which appears in clusters in a single band following a nerve path. A child that gets Shingles won’t have to worry getting the rash all over his or her body because the Herpes Zoster rash stays along its band of skin supplied by the affected nerve pathway called the dermatome, and it usually occurs only to one side of the body.

Usually occurring with less pain or no pain at all, children affected with Shingles also less frequently experience postherpetic neuralgia, or a pain in the affected nerve that last for 30 days or a month.

Children getting Shingles won’t really feel sick or ill, and usually is afebrile during the course of the disease.

 

TAKING CARE OF CHILDREN WITH SHINGLES

Despite the aforementioned self-limiting feature of Herpes Zoster, one may still want to do some interventions for such a disease. In taking care of children with Shingles, the same goes with adults too, the approach is really just symptomatic care or palliative care. This means, the interventions will be directed not to directly eliminate the cause, which in this case is the Varicella Zoster Virus (this one seems impossible since a virus can only be dormant but not totally killed), but to only provide relief to the discomfort brought about by the clinical manifestations.

Most children as said above, will experience less pain or none at all. Only if needed, one can give Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen. The itch of the rash can be alleviated through frequent bathing. No cream or ointment is needed for the rash. Also scratching, picking or bursting the rash is highly discouraged.

Children with Shingles or Herpes Zoster can transmit Chickenpox, but not Shingles, to others. Transmission will occur through direct contact with the rash. Though not as contagious as children with Chicken pox, the child affected is advised to stay out of school unless the rash can be kept covered until it dries and crusts over.

 

CAN A CHILD REALLY GET SHINGLES?

After all that’s been said, bottom line is, no one is safe from Shingles, of course with exemption to those vaccinated against Varicella Zoster Virus. Shingles or Herpes Zoster saves no one from its extremely itchy and painful clustered red rash. No regards of a person’s age and/or gender. Ensure a child is of optimum health to avoid being one of the 5 in 10,000.

SHINGLES: A Dreadful Skin Condition

Shingles virus showing treatment and symptoms.

Having acne, skin rashes or anything that goes bad on skin can be really annoying and these skin diseases can make one’s self esteem become low. These skin conditions will not only make people uglier but also can affect one’s health since Shingles was caused by a viral infection. Here is a simple but very detailed guide to know this skin disease.

What is Shingles and how will a person catches it?

Shingles (also known as zoster or zona) is a skin disease caused by a viral infection which results to a painful rash. It is primarily happened in older adults especially from ages 50-60 but it does not mean that young people would be exempted. Aside from aging, weak immune system, stress, medications, cancer treatments and if their mothers have it during their late pregnancy or having a chicken pox themselves during childhood can also be causes of Shingles. The verdict for this painful, awful and alarming skin disease is the Vacirella zoster virus. This virus belongs to a group of viruses called herpesviruses. Herpesviruses hides in the nervous system after the occurrence of initial infection and travels down to the nerve cell fibers to cause a renewed infection.

Vocirella zoster virus is the main culprit of the popularly known viral skin disease which is the Chicken pox. When a person has healed from a chicken pox, the zoster virus remains in his or her nervous system. Upon aging, there’s a possibility that this virus will strike again and here comes the shingles.

 

Shingles Symptoms

On a single part of the body, redness and painfulness can be a red flag for shingles. You may feel itching and tingling in this area. After 1-5 days, rashes will form and these will turn into clusters of blisters filled with fluid and with crust over. It looks like a chicken pox, the difference is only that chicken pox’s rashes can be seen all over the body while shingles can be seen usually only a single part whether it’s only on face, neck, back, butt, torso, etc. New blisters may arise up to a week. People with lesions may feel spasms even at a gentle touch.

On the eye part known as optical shingles, the zoster virus can cause painful eye inflammation and cause temporary or permanent loss of vision which is very alarming.

Symptoms may include headache, fever and chills, nausea, swollen glands (lymph nodes), dizziness, fatigue, malaise and heartburn or stomach ache.

Laboratory tests can be done to detect the disease. These can detect VZV-specific IgM antibody in blood. Other tests can be conducted through collecting a lymph from a blister tested by polymerase chain reaction to observe VZV DNA or through examination with an electron microscope for virus particles.

Blood work tests are not needed necessarily, a swab of fluid from the blisters can be tested in a laboratory to detect antibodies and varicella zoster virus to confirm diagnosis.

Shingles effect: Is it contagious?

Shingles is widespread and painful. It isn’t spread through coughing or sneezing but direct contact to shingles rashes can infect others. A person with shingles must also avoid close contact with people particularly the infants, children, pregnant women and anyone who doesn’t have a chicken pox before. Also those who have weak immune system and are currently ill.

The person who has shingles can cover the affected area with dressing so it will not only be healed but also it will help to minimize the spread of the virus. As the shingles becomes drier, it will be less contagious. Once the shingles becomes scabs, the person is not anymore contagious.

How to treat and prevent Shingles?

Shingles can be treated with antiviral medicines and painkillers prescribed by doctors. If at home, non-prescription painkillers such as analgesics, acetaminophen, topical anesthetic or topical lotions containing calamine, anticonvulsants, optoids, antidepressants, aspirin or ibuprofen can ease the pain caused by shingles. Regular hand washing, avoiding picking and scratching blisters, making the crust fall off naturally will prevent infection of shingles.

Use cool and moist compress to ease the pain or itch. While waiting to have medicines, corn starch or baking soda may also be applied to dry the sores for a shorter healing process.

To clean away crusts and decrease oozing, the affected area must be soaked with tap water.

To reduce inflammation and complications, antiviral medicines might be prescribed such as Aciclovir, Valaciclovir and Famciclovir. During the healing stage, shingles will dry up forming scabs or crusts and will begin to fade within 7-10 days.

Some may resort to vaccines to prevent the re-occurrence of this disease. All about vaccines for Shingles, considerations if is it right to get a shot and medicines to be injected will be discussed on another post.

To prevent shingles from coming back or from getting it, aside from eating healthy foods, living in a clean and non-polluted environment, one must avoid direct contact to the shingles or blisters area.  Immune system must be paid attention. Regular medical check-ups even annually will definitely help to track your health condition.

Remember, Health is Wealth.